What is MBBS?

An MBBS degree is an undergraduate course for aspirants who want to fulfil their dream of becoming a doctor. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), is a professional degree in medical science. A person holding the MBBS degree becomes a certified medical practitioner. The duration of MBBS course is five years and six months including one year of rotational internship at hospitals, health centres, and health camps organised by non-profit organisations (NGOs). MBBS course syllabus includes studies on anatomy, pharmacology, pathology as well as community health & medicine, paediatrics, and surgery. The syllabus, prescribed in such a way that MBBS degree holders can choose a specialisation for further majoring and practising medicine. The career specialisations for MBBS students are Nephrology, Cardiology, Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc.

What are the career options after MBBS?

During one year of the MBBS internship, students can work with hospitals and healthcare centres as consultants, physicians, medical assistants in critical care units, among others. They can also work in health campaigns by the government and help the public with awareness about diseases, medicines, health and fitness through conferences.
On completion of the MBBS internship, the students can get themselves registered as doctors with the Medical Council of India (MCI). They can either apply for a post-graduate degree in medical science i.e. MD/MS or continue working in the health sector as qualified doctors.
While pursuing further education in medical science, an MBBS-degree holder can also associate with pharmaceuticals as research associates. Moreover, the option for taking Combined Medical Services Examination is always open for an MBBS graduate. They can be employed with the central government organisations, including hospitals, defence sector, railways, and with the local/state government.

What are the required skills for MBBS?

Every medical and health sciences practitioner must have the required skills:

Ability to work in a critical and dynamic environment

Professional commitments and medical ethics

Desire for knowledge and learning new research

Scientific research and development skills

Sharp memory and prompt approach

Communication interpersonal skills

Counselling and caring skills

Approachable and empathetic skills

Medical writing skills

Patience and perseverance

Eligibility for MBBS Degree

  • Candidates must have passed Class XII/higher secondary/pre-university qualifying examination with Science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/Botany. They also must have studied English as the main subject for their qualifying examination.

  • Moreover, candidates also need to fulfil the age limit criteria i.e. they must have completed 17 years of age at the time of admissions.

  • There are additional eligibility conditions as mentioned by the regulatory authorities for MBBS i.e. Medical Council of India (MCI).

  • Subjects in MBBS

    In MBBS course curriculum, aspiring doctors not only learn about everything in and around medical and healthcare industry, but they also learn the ethical practices, get to intern with hospitals and volunteering projects. Check table below for subjects in MBBS course:

    Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus


    Dermatology & Venereology




    Obstetrics & Gynecology

    Forensic Medicine & Toxicology










    Community Medicine


    MBBS Entrance Exams

    For admission to MBBS course in India, a student needs to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). This is the only entrance test for admission to MBBS course and is accepted by both government and private institutions. 

    Two other major entrance tests for admission to MBBS course in India were JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Exam. However, these examinations were scrapped in 2019 making NEET the most important medical entrance test in India.

    MBBS Scope, Top Companies/Employers & Salary

    General Physician: MBBS degree holders can start their career as a general physician, who studies, diagnosis, cures illnesses of patients. Commonly, a physician treats illnesses at primary stages, and if after diagnosis the disease is critical then the patient referred to a relevant medical practitioner.

    The average salary offered to a general physician is Rs 4-5 lakh per annum*.

    Paediatrician: A medical practitioner who specialises in the treatment of illness in children and examine their general growth and development. A paediatrician heals children right from their time of birth to their adolescence and even later. They help in early diagnosis of illnesses in developing children, guide parents on food and allergies to children. The practitioner provides preventive care, helps in the growth and development of children with special needs and monitoring side effects and allergies of medicines.

    The starting salary offered to a paediatrician is over Rs. 4.5 lakh per annum.

    Medical Assistant (Surgery): Starting a career as a medical assistant in specialisation such as cardiology, dermatology, oncology, nephrology, neurology, gynaecology, ophthalmology is a good option to learn about performing surgeries on patients. Further to study, diagnose and treat patients with modern surgical techniques as per their medical speciality. Over the years, with modern science and technology, there have been medical achievements by renowned surgeons, which means this profession is entirely based on continuous learning and practising.

    The average salary offered to a medical assistant is Rs. 3-4 lakh per annum.

  • Top Recruiters

    The top recruiters for MBBS degree holders are majorly Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, and Pharmaceuticals, etc. The list of recruiters for MBBS degree are:

    • Medanta Hospitals

    • Fortis Healthcare Ltd

    • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

    • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd

    • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

    • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre

    • Wockhardt Ltd

    • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd

    • Cipla Ltd

    • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd

    • MBBS: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

      Q. What is the full form of MBBS?

      A. The full form of MBBS in India is ‘Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery’. However, MBBS is an abbreviation of Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, which is the term used for this course in Latin.

      Q. Is MBBS from a private college worth it?

      A. Yes, pursuing MBBS from a private medical college will not affect your career in any way. The only flip side of taking admission to a private medical college is the fees. The tuition fee of a private medical college can be up to 10 times that of a government medical college.

      Q. How to know the authenticity of an MBBS course in India?

      A. Before taking admission to any medical college, check whether the college is recognised by the Medical Council of India (MCI). Also, check if the college/ university is approved by the University Grants Commission (UGC) and Indian Medical Council (IMC).

      Q. Can MBBS doctors do surgery?

      A. Yes, an MBBS is a graduate in Surgery, hence, he/ she is licenced to perform surgeries. However, surgery is a complicated procedure and only those who have enough expertise in this discipline opt to perform surgeries after completing MBBS.

      Q. Can I do MBBS after 12th?

      A. Yes, to join an MBBS course you need to complete 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English. You must also secure a minimum aggregate of 50% in the core subjects (PCB). 

      Q. Can we join MBBS without NEET?

      A. No, to join the MBBS course you need to write the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Even if you want to opt for a management quota seat, you have to secure the qualifying percentile in NEET.

      Q. Which university is best for MBBS in India?

      A. There are a lot of good universities for an MBBS course in India, but the best of the lot is AIIMS Delhi. A few other top institutes for the MBBS course are AFMC, CMC (Vellore), Maulana Azad Medical College and Lady Hardinge Medical College.

      Q. What is the fees for MBBS in India?

      A. Fees for an MBBS degree course varies for the institutes of different categories. Fee in a government college ranges between Rs 10000 – Rs 50000, whereas that of a private medical college, can start from Rs 2,00,000 and can go up to Rs 22,00,000.

      Q. What is the total duration of MBBS degree course?

      A. To complete the MBBS degree course, you need to complete two stages: 4.5 years of academics and 1 year of internship. Hence, the total duration of an MBBS degree course is 5.5 years.

      Q. Can one use “Dr” after completing MBBS?

      A. Yes, once you clear the final examination or qualifying examination of MBBS, you need to complete a compulsory rotatory internship of 1 year from a recognised institution/ hospital. On successful completion of the internship, you can officially add “Dr” to your name. 

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